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Wildlife and Pest Control


The country environment is conducive to animals of all kinds, including coyotes, moose, deer, and occasionally cougars. In Parkland County, there are rules, regulations and common sense guidelines to consider when dealing with animals, whether they are living on your property or in the wild.

When driving in rural areas, watch out for deer and moose, which often cross the road unexpectedly, especially at dusk or dawn. Enjoy wildlife from a distance and avoid chasing them or allowing your pets to do so.

Contact Alberta Fish and Wildlife at 1-877-944-0313 for any wildlife-related concerns or questions.


Hunting is allowed within the county subject to some restrictions. No person has the right to enter private property to hunt unless the landowner grants permission. Also, under Provincial Regulations, it is an offence to discharge a firearm within 183 metres (200 yards) of any occupied building in the County.

Hunting of any kind is not permitted on any municipal/environmental reserve or on County recreation lands.

For more information, contact Community & Protective Services at 780-968-8400 or visit the Hunting and Fishing page under Recreation.

Amendments to the Discharge of Firearms Bylaw

The Discharge of Firearms Bylaw has undergone a number of amendments from the previous version in 2009. The proposed changes are highlighted as follows:

The use of firearms is prohibited in the following areas within Parkland County:

  • All areas previously identified in the 2009 Firearms Bylaw
  • Parks
  • All subdivisions, and
  • Hamlets within the County

The use of firearms is permissible in Wildlife Habitats as identified within the Discharge of Firearms Bylaw (see link below).

Individuals exempt from using firearms within Parkland County include:

  • Peace Officers or members of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, and
  • A person operating a firearm at a shooting range or gun club or any similar facility which is designed and operated as such.

The penalties associated with violating the Discharge of Firearms Bylaw are as follows:

  • For a first offence – a fine not more than $500.00 or (in default of payment) imprisonment for three (3) months; and
  • For second or subsequent offence – a fine not more than $1,500.00 or (in default of payment) imprisonment for six (6) months.

A full copy of the amended Discharge of Firearms Bylaw can be found here.


Pest Control

Some wildlife species are considered pests or could be dangerous. The following information will help you in dealing with some of the animals that might find their way onto your property.

If you have any questions or would like further information, contact Agriculture Services at 780-968-8467.


If you encounter a coyote, make the experience unpleasant for the animal. Make it feel unwelcome in your neighborhood by doing the following:

  • Respond to their presence aggressively by making yourself appear large
  • Wave your arms overhead, or thrust long objects like a walking stick toward the coyote
  • Throw rocks, sticks or other objects
  • Carry a whistle and blow it to startle the animal
  • Shout in a deep voice and maintain eye contact.

If the coyote continues to approach, back away slowly and move toward buildings or human activity.

Do not turn away or run.  This will encourage the coyote to chase after you. 

Wild Boars

The wild boar at large was declared a pest by the Minister of Agriculture as it poses a threat to destroy land and agriculture property. The designation was made because wild boars are not native to Alberta. The animal was brought here from Europe in the 1990s to be raised for its meat. Some animals escaped or were released due to lack of markets. Call 780-968-8467 for more information on the Wild Boar and Parkland County’s participation in the Wild Boar Bounty Program.

Northern Pocket Gopher (mole)

“Pocket gophers  commonly called moles, are a problem in pastures and hayland throughout much of Alberta. They also eat garden crops and kill woody plants and shrubs by feeding on the roots.” MORE

Richardson's Ground Squirrels

“Richardson’s ground squirrel, commonly called the gopher, prairie gopher, yellow gopher, flickertail, or picket pin, occurs on rangeland, pastures and cropland throughout Alberta …” MORE


“The porcupine is Alberta’s second largest rodent, measuring up to 90 cm in length and weighing as much as 12 kg. They live throughout the province, usually near stands of woody vegetation. The porcupine has a unique defence mechanism of up to 30,000 hardened barbed quills built into its coat …” MORE


“People generally relate skunks to the foul-smelling, defensive spray they discharge when scared or threatened. Many people have experienced this unpleasant odour along roadways and on dogs that have come in contact with skunks. Generally, people avoid skunks and have little tolerance for their presence …” MORE